Order by thermal disorder in 2D planar rotator model with dipolar interactions
Dipartimento di Fisica dell' Università, and Istituto Nazionale per la Fisica della
Materia, Via delle Scienze, 43100 Parma, Italy
Corresponding author: a email@example.com
Published online: 15 June 1999
The energy of a square planar rotator model of spins interacting via dipolar forces is minimized by infinite inequivalent configurations corresponding to spins arranged on four interpenetrating sublattices making angles α, , , with a reference axis, α being arbitrary. This infinite degeneracy of the ground state is accidental in nature and one expects that it is removed by thermal fluctuations in agreement with Monte Carlo simulation. Indeed we find that the elementary excitation energies which depend on α lead to a free energy which is a function of α with minima at and corresponding to columnar configurations. This selection of columnar configurations out of the infinite ground state manifold is an example of order by thermal disorder.
PACS: 75.10.Hk – Classical spin models / 75.30.Ds – Spin waves
© EDP Sciences, Società Italiana di Fisica, Springer-Verlag, 1999