Spiky phases of smooth membranes. Implications for smooth strings
Freie Universität Berlin, Institut für Theoretische Physik, Arnimallee 14, 14195
Corresponding author: a firstname.lastname@example.org
Published online: 15 June 1999
We point out a possible mechanism by which smooth surfaces can become spiky as the constant of curvature stiffness κ falls below a certain critical value. This happens either in a single first-order transition, or in a sequence of two Kosterlitz-Thouless-like transitions. There may also be additional phases in which the spikes form a hexagonal solid-like array or a disordered liquid-like structure. Our discussion suggests that there exist smooth strings between quarks.
PACS: 68.35.Rh – Phase transitions and critical phenomena / 68.35.Wm – Other nonelectronic properties
© EDP Sciences, Società Italiana di Fisica, Springer-Verlag, 1999