Size dependence of dielectric properties and structural metastability in ferroelectrics
Department of Physics, Shandong University, Jinan, 250100, P.R. China
Corresponding author: a firstname.lastname@example.org
Revised: 22 November 1998
Published online: 15 October 1999
The size effect of the dielectric properties and the barrier height was investigated in the ferroelectric solid solution BaxSrTiO3 system. The decrease of the grain size causes the suppression of the ferroelectricity, and the increase of the relaxation frequency. Barrier heights increase with increasing grain size. The result is analogous to magnetic phase transitions in nanocrystals and other solid-solid phase transitions in nanocrystals. It suggests a general rule that may be of use in the discovery of new metastable phases. An explanation of this phenomenon was given by an electric potential model that agrees well with the experimental results. For BaxSrTiO3 system, the decrease of x causes the decrease of the barrier height.
PACS: 77.22.Gm – Dielectric loss and relaxation / 77.80.Bh – Phase transitions and Curie point / 77.80.-e – Ferroelectricity and antiferroelectricity
© EDP Sciences, Società Italiana di Fisica, Springer-Verlag, 1999