Electronic properties of quasiperiodic Fibonacci chain including second-neighbor hopping in the tight-binding model
Saha Institute of Nuclear Physics,
1/AF, Bidhannagar, Calcutta-700064, India
Published online: 15 October 1999
We present an exact real-space renormalization group (RSRG) scheme for the electronic Green's functions of one-dimensional tight-binding systems having both nearest-neighbor and next-nearest-neighbor hopping integrals, and determine the electronic density of states for the quasiperiodic Fibonacci chain. This RSRG method also gives the Lyapunov exponents for the eigenstates. The Lyapunov exponents and the analysis of the flow pattern of hopping integrals under renormalization provide information about the nature of the eigenstates. Next we develop a transfer matrix formalism for this generalized tight-binding system, which enables us to determine the wave function amplitudes. Interestingly, we observe that like the nearest-neighbor tight-binding Fibonacci chain, the present generalized tight-binding system also have critical eigenstates, Cantor-set energy spectrum and highly fragmented density of states. It indicates that these exotic physical properties are really the characteristics of the underlying quasiperiodic structure.
PACS: 71.23.Ft – Quasicrystals / 61.44.-n – Semi-periodic solids
© EDP Sciences, Società Italiana di Fisica, Springer-Verlag, 1999