Characteristics of transmission of electrons in a quantum wire tangentially attached to a superconductor ring threaded by magnetic flux
Institute of Physics, Academia Sinica, PO Box 603, Beijing 100080, PR China
2 Department of Electrophysics, National Chiao Tung University, Hsinchu, 30050, Taiwan
Corresponding author: a email@example.com
Published online: 15 April 2002
We present numerical investigations of the transmission properties of electrons in a normal quantum wire tangentially attached to a superconductor ring threaded by magnetic flux. A point scatterer with a function potential is placed at node to model scattering effect. We find that the transmission characteristics of electrons in this structure strongly depend on the normal or superconducting state of the ring. The transmission probability as a function of the energy of incident electrons, in the case of a superconductor ring threaded by one quantum magnetic flux, emerges one deep dip, imposed upon the first broad bump in spectrum. This intrinsic conductance dip originates from the superconductor state of the ring. When increasing the magnetic flux from one quantum magnetic flux to two, the spectrum shifts toward higher energy region in the whole. This conductance dip accordingly shifts and appears in the second bump. In the presence of a point-scatterer at the node, the spectrum is substantially modified. Based on the condition of the formation of the standing wave functions in the ring and the broken of the time-reserve symmetry of Schrödinger equation after switching magnetic flux, the characteristics of transmission of electrons in this structure can be well understood.
PACS: 73.23.-b – Electronic transport in mesoscopic systems / 73.21.Hb – Quantum wires / 74.80.Fp – Point contact; SN and SNS junctions / 85.35.Ds – Quantum interference devices
© EDP Sciences, Società Italiana di Fisica, Springer-Verlag, 2002