A precursor of market crashes: Empirical laws of Japan's internet bubble
Division of Social Sciences, International Christian University, 3-10-2 Osawa, Mitaka, Tokyo, 181-8585, Japan
Corresponding author: a firstname.lastname@example.org
Revised: 12 December 2005
Published online: 12 April 2006
In this paper, we quantitatively investigate the properties of a statistical ensemble of stock prices. We focus attention on the relative price defined as X(t) = S(t)/S(0), where S(0), is the stock price for an onset time of the bubble. We selected approximately 3200 stocks traded on the Japanese Stock Exchange, and formed a statistical ensemble of daily relative prices for each trading day in the 3-year period from January 4, 1999 to December 28, 2001, corresponding to the period in which internet Bubble formed and crashed in the Japanese stock market. We found that the upper tail of the complementary cumulative distribution function of the ensemble of the relative prices in the high value of the price is well described by a power-law distribution, P(S>x) ∼x-α , with an exponent that moves over time. Furthermore we found that as the power-law exponents α approached two, the bubble burst. It is reasonable to suppose that it indicates that internet bubble is about to burst.
PACS: 89.65.Gh – Economics; econophysics, financial markets, business and management
© EDP Sciences, Società Italiana di Fisica, Springer-Verlag, 2006