Non-perturbative conserving approximations and Luttinger's sum rule
Institut für Theoretische Physik und Astrophysik, Universität Würzburg, Am Hubland, 97074 Würzburg, Germany
Corresponding author: a firstname.lastname@example.org
Published online: 28 July 2007
Weak-coupling conserving approximations can be constructed by truncations of the Luttinger-Ward functional and are well known as thermodynamically consistent approaches which respect macroscopic conservation laws as well as certain sum rules at zero temperature. These properties can also be shown for variational approximations that are generated within the framework of the self-energy-functional theory without a truncation of the diagram series. Luttinger's sum rule represents an exception. We analyze the conditions under which the sum rule holds within a non-perturbative conserving approximation. Numerical examples are given for a simple but non-trivial dynamical two-site approximation. The validity of the sum rule for finite Hubbard clusters and the consequences for cluster extensions of the dynamical mean-field theory are discussed.
PACS: 71.10.-w – Theories and models of many-electron systems / 71.10.Fd – Lattice fermion models
© EDP Sciences, Società Italiana di Fisica, Springer-Verlag, 2007