Photophysics of polymer-wrapped single-walled carbon nanotubes
Zernike Institute for Advanced Materials, University of Groningen, Nijenborgh 4, 9747 AG Groningen, The Netherlands
Corresponding author: M.A.Loi@rug.nl
Revised: 12 October 2009
Published online: 8 December 2009
Single-walled carbon nanotubes (SWNTs) are successfully dispersed in two conjugated polymer poly(9,9-dioctylfluorenyl-2,7-diyl) (PFO) and poly[2-methoxy-5- (2'-ethyl-hexyloxy)-1,4-phenylene vinylene] (MEHPPV) solutions. Steady-state and time-resolved photoluminescence spectroscopy in the near-infrared and visible spectral regions are used to study the interaction of the dispersed carbon nanotube and the wrapped polymer in the nano-hybrids. The SWNTs infrared emission is the signatures of the separation of single semiconducting tubes, the lifetime of the photoluminescence of these tubes is bi-exponential with the first component varying from 6 ps (in MEHPPV wrapped SWNTs) to 14 ps (in PFO wrapped SWNTs), while the second component of the decay for all samples is in the range of 30–40 ps, revealing the intrinsic lifetime of the SWNTs. The study of the photoluminescence of the nano-hybrids in the visible spectral range shows, in the case of the PFO, a relatively strong quenching, the photoluminescence lifetime for the hybrid is more than 100 ps shorter than the one of the pristine polyfluorene solution. For the MEHPPV-SWNT hybrid an opposite behavior is revealed with the photoluminescence lifetime surprisingly longer than the polymer solution. The possible mechanism for the interaction of the two conjugated polymers and the SWNTs is discussed in terms of their electronic band structure.
PACS: 78.67.Ch – Nanotubes / 81.07.-b – Nanoscale materials and structures: fabrication and characterization
© EDP Sciences, Società Italiana di Fisica, Springer-Verlag, 2009