75As NMR-NQR study in superconducting LiFeAs
Leibniz Institute for Solid State and Materials Research
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Received in final form: 15 March 2012
Published online: 22 May 2012
We report results of 75As nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR) and nuclear quadrupole resonance (NQR) experiments as well as 7Li NMR on different samples of self flux grown LiFeAs and 5% Co doped LiFeAs single crystals, and a polycrystalline LiFeAs sample. We were able to distinguish the samples by their slightly different quadrupole frequencies, νQ, which is a direct measure of the electric field gradient (EFG) at the As site. Interestingly, samples with a large quadrupole frequency appear to show a different Knight shift and spin lattice relaxation in the superconducting state from those with a lower νQ, yet all the samples are clearly superconducting. For sample S1 which has the largest νQ, we find constant Knight shift 𝒦 across Tc for a certain direction of the magnetic field and a peculiar upturn of the NQR spin lattice relaxation rate (T1T)-1 below Tc. In contrast, samples with a lower νQ exhibit the expected behavior for a singlet superconductor: a drop of 𝒦 and (T1T)-1 for both NMR and NQR below Tc. Our results show that already tiny changes in stoichiometry uncovered by slightly different NQR frequencies lead to very different behavior of the NMR parameters in the superconducting state of LiFeAs. Different possibilities will be discussed which may explain the contrasting behavior.
Key words: Solid State and Materials
© EDP Sciences, Società Italiana di Fisica and Springer-Verlag, 2012