Influence of grain boundaries on the austenitic and martensitic phase transitions in iron
Physics Department and Research Center OPTIMAS, University of Kaiserslautern,
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Received in final form: 18 December 2018
Published online: 20 February 2019
Using classical molecular dynamics simulations, we study the martensitic and austenitic phase transformation in an iron crystal containing a symmetric tilt grain boundary (GB). Without a GB, the system does not transform. The presence of a GB enables the transformation. The new phase nucleates at the GB. The austenitic transition temperature decreases approximately linearly with the GB energy. Here, the GB inherits its inherent periodicity to the microstructure of the forming austenite phase. The martensitic transformation proceeds via a two-step pathway resulting in a twinned microstructure.
Key words: Solid State and Materials
© EDP Sciences / Società Italiana di Fisica / Springer-Verlag GmbH Germany, part of Springer Nature, 2019