Regular Article - Solid State and Materials
Equation of motion truncation scheme based on partial orthogonalization
Department of Physics and Astronomy, Uppsala University, P.O. Box 516, 75120, Uppsala, SE, Sweden
Accepted: 23 November 2020
Published online: 21 January 2021
We introduce a general scheme to consistently truncate equations of motion for Green’s functions. Our scheme is guaranteed to generate physical Green’s functions with real excitation energies and positive spectral weights. There are free parameters in our scheme akin to mean field parameters that may be determined to get as good an approximation to the physics as possible. As a test case we apply our scheme to a two-pole approximation for the 2D Hubbard model. At half-filling we find an insulating solution with several interesting properties: it has low expectation value of the energy and it gives upper and lower Hubbard bands with the full non-interacting bandwidth in the large U limit. Away from half-filling, in particular in the intermediate interaction regime, our scheme allows for several different phases with different number of Fermi surfaces and topologies.
© The Author(s) 2021
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