Regular Article - Mesoscopic and Nanoscale Systems
Coulomb electron pairing in a tight-binding model of La-based cuprate superconductors
Laboratoire de Physique Théorique, IRSAMC, Université de Toulouse, CNRS, UPS, 31062, Toulouse, France
Accepted: 11 November 2020
Published online: 21 January 2021
We study the properties of two electrons with Coulomb interactions in a tight-binding model of La-based cuprate superconductors. This tight-binding model is characterized by long-ranged hopping obtained previously by advanced quantum chemistry computations. We show analytically and numerically that the Coulomb repulsion leads to a formation of compact pairs propagating through the whole system. The mechanism of pair formation is related to the emergence of an effective narrow energy band for Coulomb electron pairs with conserved total pair energy and momentum. The dependence of the pair formation probability on an effective filling factor is obtained with a maximum around a filling factor of 20 (or 80) percent. The comparison with the case of the nearest neighbor tight-binding model shows that the long-ranged hopping provides an increase of the phase space volume with high pair formation probability. We conjecture that the Coulomb electron pairs discussed here may play a role in high temperature superconductivity.
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