Regular Article - Statistical and Nonlinear Physics
Ferromagnetic and spin-glass like transition in the q-neighbor Ising model on random graphs
Faculty of Physics, Warsaw University of Technology, Koszykowa 75, 00-662, Warsaw, Poland
Accepted: 12 March 2021
Published online: 26 March 2021
The q-neighbor Ising model is investigated on homogeneous random graphs with a fraction of edges associated randomly with antiferromagnetic exchange integrals and the remaining edges with ferromagnetic ones. It is a nonequilibrium model for the opinion formation in which the agents, represented by two-state spins, change their opinions according to a Metropolis-like algorithm taking into account interactions with only a randomly chosen subset of their q neighbors. Depending on the model parameters in Monte Carlo simulations, phase diagrams are observed with first-order ferromagnetic transition, both first- and second-order ferromagnetic transitions and second-order ferromagnetic and spin-glass-like transitions as the temperature and fraction of antiferromagnetic exchange integrals are varied; in the latter case, the obtained phase diagrams qualitatively resemble those for the dilute spin-glass model. Homogeneous mean-field and pair approximations are extended to take into account the effect of the antiferromagnetic exchange interactions on the ferromagnetic phase transition in the model. For a broad range of parameters, critical temperatures for the first- or second-order ferromagnetic transition predicted by the homogeneous pair approximation show quantitative agreement with those obtained from Monte Carlo simulations; significant differences occur mainly in the vicinity of the tricritical point in which the critical lines for the second-order ferromagnetic and spin-glass-like transitions meet.
© The Author(s) 2021
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