Regular Article - Solid State and Materials
Superradiant emission spectra of a two-qubit system in circuit quantum electrodynamics
Novosibirsk State Technical University, Novosibirsk, Russia
Accepted: 1 September 2022
Published online: 15 September 2022
In this paper, we study the spontaneous emission spectra and the emission decay rates of a simplest atom system that exhibits sub- and superradiant properties: a system which consists of two artificial atoms (superconducting qubits) embedded in a one-dimensional open waveguide. The calculations are based on the method of the transition operator which was firstly introduced by R. H. Lehmberg to theoretically describe the spontaneous emission of two-level atoms in a free space. We obtain the explicit expressions for the photon radiation spectra and the emission decay rates for different initial two-qubit configurations with one and two excitations. For every initial state we calculate the radiation spectra and the emission decay rates for different effective distances between qubits. In every case, a decay rate is compared with a single qubit decay to show the superradiant or subradiant nature of a two-qubit decay with a given initial state.
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