Regular Article - Statistical and Nonlinear Physics
Ising model on a 2D additive small-world network
Instituto de Física-Universidade Federal de Mato Grosso, 78060-900, Cuiabá, MT, Brazil
Accepted: 9 September 2022
Published online: 26 September 2022
In this article, we have employed Monte Carlo simulations to study the Ising model on a two-dimensional additive small-world network (A-SWN). The system model consists of a square lattice where each site of the lattice is occupied for a spin variable that interacts with the nearest neighbor and has a certain probability p of being additionally connected at random to one of its farther neighbors. The system is in contact with a heat bath at a given temperature T and it is simulated by one-spin flip according to the Metropolis prescription. We have calculated the thermodynamic quantities of the system, such as the magnetization per spin , magnetic susceptibility , and the reduced fourth-order Binder cumulant as a function of T for several values of lattice size L and additive probability p. We also have constructed the phase diagram for the equilibrium states of the model in the plane T versus p showing the existence of a continuous transition line between the ferromagnetic F and paramagnetic P phases. Using the finite-size scaling (FSS) theory, we have obtained the critical exponents for the system, where varying the parameter p, we have observed a change in the critical behavior from the regular square lattice Ising model to A-SWN.
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